Canine Parasite Prevention and Detection

Regular parasite protection is an important part of your pet’s life.
See below for some common dog parasites, how to detect them and how to keep them from coming back.

VACCINES FOR YOUR DOG

Canine Parasites and Ailments

Description

Prevention

Detection

Heartworm

Heartworms (Dirofilaria immitis) are fairly large worms (can grow up to 14 inches long) that, in adulthood, live in the heart and pulmonary arteries of an infected animal. Pets acquire these worms through mosquito bites as mosquitoes readily pick up larval heartworms from infected animals and carry them to new animals.

Heartworm infection is easily and affordably prevented through the regular use of a heartworm prevention product, such as Heartgard, Trifexis, Sentinel or Revolution. These products are administered orally or topically (on-the-skin). They will prevent heartworm, as well as other internal parasites and occasionally fleas and ticks, for an entire month. This is recommended for all dogs. Find our heartworm preventative products in the shop, or call 1.800.427.7973 to discuss these products with a representative.

Heartworm disease can be prevented with a monthly heartworm prevention product, like Heartgard or Trifexis. While there is no foolproof method of preventing Lyme disease, Ehrlichiosis and Anaplasmosis, these can be discouraged by keeping your pet on a regular anti-tick preventative, such as Revolution.

The Heartworm-Lyme Combo Test is a blood screening for Heartworm disease, Lyme disease, Ehrlichiosis, and Anaplasmosis. A representative will draw a small amount of blood from your dog and submit it to a national laboratory the following week. You will receive your test results, as well as recommendations for follow up care (if needed) the week following the blood draw. PetVet recommends the Heartworm-Lyme Combo Test over the Heartworm-only test for more comprehensive disease and infection screening.

Roundworm

Roundworm Throughout much of the U.S., roundworms and tapeworms (flatworms) are far and away the most common intestinal parasites of our pets. These worms can cause a variety of problems including diarrhea, poor coat health, and general failure to thrive. In puppies and kittens roundworm infestation is the most common cause of the pot-bellied appearance. Severe infestation can lead to liver, lung, and brain damage. Roundworms are not only contagious for other pets, but also for humans, especially children via contact with pet feces. The migrating larvae in children can cause serious and tragic disease especially of the eye and brain. Rarely, a puppy or kitten will vomit or pass in his stool an entire adult roundworm. It is approximately 2″ – 10″ long, white, and may look like a piece of spaghetti. Although adult roundworms mainly infest only puppies and kittens, mature dogs and cats can also harbor the parasite in their intestines.

The most common source of puppy roundworms are roundworm larvae (immature roundworms) which are resting and causing no trouble in the wall of the mother’s uterus. These larvae migrate into the fetal pups during pregnancy. The larvae then mature in the young pup and start laying eggs when the puppy is about three weeks of age. From that time on, the affected puppy’s feces contain eggs and can transmit roundworms to other dogs as well as re-infecting itself.

PetVet includes a dewormer with each Puppy Pack and urges that all puppies up to about one year-of-age be dewormed three times, two to four weeks apart. We use pyrantel pamoate (e.g. Strongid) to deworm puppies. This treatment is given orally and is very simple to administer. This is recommended for all dogs.

Administer a heartworm preventative product to your pet every month for the duration of its life. Dogs and cats are at risk for heartworm and intestinal parasite infection at any age and in most areas of the U.S. PetVet also recommends an annual fecal test– an affordable and easy way to test for roundworms and other internal parasites.

Pet owners may submit a fecal sample to any PetVet or VIP Petcare operated Community Veterinary Clinic. Please ensure that the sample is no older than 12 hours, if at all possible, and make sure the sample tube is at least half full for an accurate result. The PetVet fecal test will screen your pet for roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, giardia, and coccidia. In addition, the national laboratory whom we partner with will also report any other irregular findings in the test that you can then discuss with your family veterinarian.

All of the common bacterial or parasitic infections that will be discovered by the annual fecal test can be treated by PetVet. You will receive an automated phone call from a representative for any positive results, to discuss your pet’s test results and treatment.

Rattlesnake Bite

Rattlesnakes live in a variety of habitats, they are found in wetlands, deserts and forests, from sea level to mountain elevations. Rattlesnakes are most active in warmer seasons, from Spring to Autumn.
Dogs may be at risk for a rattlesnake bite if they live or travel in or around a natural rattlesnake habitat. Rattlesnakes may be encountered while hiking, camping, or hunting.

Like people, dogs may stumble over the location of a snake by accident. Curiosity or a protective instinct can place your dog at risk.

Damage caused by a rattlesnake bite could be serious and even fatal. When injected into an unprotected dog, the toxic components of snake venom are very painful and can have serious consequences. If your dog survives the immediate effects of a rattlesnake bite, permanent injury may follow.

The rattlesnake vaccine reduces the effects of rattlesnake venom and gives dogs a longer window to receive medical care for a rattlesnake bite. A booster vaccine should be given 3-4 weeks after the initial vaccine for a dog of any age. An annual booster vaccination should be given for life, or as recommended by your veterinarian. Administering the booster vaccine approximately one month before a dog goes into an area at risk for rattlesnakes can boost efficacy. This vaccine is meant only for dogs exposed to rattlesnakes.

A rattlesnake bite is always an emergency. The rattlesnake vaccination does not neutralize 100 percent of the venom. Your dog still needs to be taken to the veterinarian immediately after any snake bite. Even bites by non-venomous snakes can lead to serious infections and antibiotic treatment may be needed. A veterinarian can determine if your dog is sufficiently protected for the specific type of snake involved and the amount of venom injected, or whether additional medical treatment is necessary.

Vaccination may reduce the overall effects of a snake bite, reduce or eliminate the need for antivenom, and increase the chances of survival for your dog.

If your dog or cat shows any symptoms of having experienced a rattlesnake bite, get them to a full-service emergency veterinary hospital immediately. While vaccinated dogs will have greater resistance to rattlesnake venom, they too must be rushed to a veterinary facility immediately.

Hookworm

Hookworm is a microscopic parasite that lives in the intestines of both dogs and cats. Hookworms can cause anemia, poor appetite, coughing, diarrhea, constipation, internal inflammation, and sometimes death. They live off the blood of their host.

Puppies may contract hookworms through the milk from their mother. All dogs are at risk for contraction of hookworms, and though infection is rare in humans, it is possible for pets to transmit hookworms to their owners. Hookworms may be detected, treated, and prevented by PetVet.

PetVet includes a dewormer with each Puppy Pack and urges that all puppies up to about one year-of-age be wormed three times, two to four weeks apart. We use pyrantel pamoate (e.g. Strongid) to deworm puppies. This treatment is given orally and is very simple to administer. This is recommended for all dogs.

Administer a heartworm preventative product to your pet every month for the duration of its life. Dogs and cats are at risk for heartworm and intestinal parasite infection at any age and in most areas of the U.S. PetVet also recommends an annual fecal test– an affordable and easy way to test for hookworms and other internal parasites. PetVet uses pyrantel pamoate (e.g. Strongid) to deworm puppies. This treatment is given orally and is very simple to administer.

Pet owners may submit a fecal sample to any VIP Petcare operated Community Veterinary Clinic. Please ensure that the sample is no older than 12 hours, if at all possible, and make sure the sample tube is at least half full for an accurate result. The PetVet fecal test will screen your pet for roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, giardia, and coccidia. In addition, the national laboratory that PetVet partners with will also report any other irregular findings in the test that you can then discuss with your family veterinarian.

All of the common bacterial or parasitic infections that will be discovered by the annual fecal test can be treated by PetVet. You will receive an automated phone call from a representative for any positive results, to discuss your pet’s test results and treatment.

Whipworm

Whipworm is a microscopic parasite that lives in the intestines of both dogs and cats. Whipworm infestations can cause bloody diarrhea, dehydration, anemia, and weight loss. However, a whipworm infestation may cause no symptoms at all. Whipworm can survive in the environment anywhere from a few months to a few years, and is transmitted when dogs or cats ingest infested matter.Dogs and cats of all ages may contract whipworms, but to this point it is not considered a zoonotic disease (transmissible to humans). Whipworms may be detected, treated, and prevented by PetVet.

Administer a heartworm preventative product to your pet every month for the duration of its life. Dogs and cats are at risk for heartworm and intestinal parasite infection at any age and in most areas of the U.S. PetVet also recommends an annual fecal testv– an affordable and easy way to test for whipworm and other internal parasites. PetVet uses pyrantel pamoate (e.g. Strongid) to deworm puppies. This treatment is given orally and is very simple to administer. Recommended for all dogs.

Pet owners may submit a fecal sample to any PetVet or VIP Petcare operated Community Clinic. Please ensure that the sample is no older than 12 hours, if at all possible, and make sure the sample tube is at least half full for an accurate result. The fecal test will screen your pet for roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, giardia, and coccidia. In addition, the national laboratory that PetVet partners with will also report any other irregular findings in the test that you can then discuss with your family veterinarian.

All of the common bacterial or parasitic infections that will be discovered by the annual fecal test can be treated by PetVet. You will receive an automated phone call from a representative for any positive results, to discuss your pet’s test results and treatment.

Tapeworm

Tapeworms can cause a variety of problems including diarrhea, coat changes, and failure to thrive. They are more common in adult pets than in puppies, but are present in all areas of the U.S. and can be contracted by all mammals. The most common variety is transmitted by fleas. Tapeworm can be transmitted to humans through direct contact with tapeworm-infected pets and their feces.

The tapeworm in the intestine breaks off its rear segments periodically, and they appear in the feces of an infested pet. The segments are white, flat, and approximately ¼” – ½” long and resemble “moving cucumber seeds or grains of rice”. If you see these moving objects in a fresh stool or stuck to the hair of a pet’s rear end, then the pet likely has a tapeworm infestation and can move straight to treatment. When the moving segments crawl away, dry up, and crack, they release hundreds of microscopic tapeworm eggs. Neither the segments nor the eggs are infective to a pet or a human, but if a flea larva happens to be nearby, it may ingest one of these eggs. When the larva matures into an adult flea (with the tapeworm egg still inside) and is ingested by a pet during grooming, he/she will get the tapeworm. The key to preventing tapeworm infestation is flea control.

Tapeworm may be treated at PetVet clinics with injectable Praziquantel. A phone or web order may also be placed for Drontal Tabs for dogs to treat at home. To order an at home treatment, your pet must have been seen at a PetVet clinic within the past twelve months. Prevention of tapeworm is only possible through the regular use of a flea preventative product, as fleas carry and spread tapeworm infections. Recommended for all dogs.

Microscopic examination of the stool does not always reveal tapeworm eggs. Veterinarians often must depend on the pet owner for a diagnosis of tapeworms (presence of white worm segments in feces or on the pet’s fur- will look like grains of rice).

All of the common bacterial or parasitic infections that will be discovered by the annual fecal test can be treated by PetVet. You will receive an automated phone call from a representative for any positive results, to discuss your pet’s test results and treatment.

Giardia
Giardia infection is a common intestinal parasite in both dogs and cats. Giardia can be contracted through ingestion of contaminated food or materials. Infected animals shed Giardia cysts that can be picked up by other animals in food, water, or through self-grooming. This parasite has zoonotic potential, which means humans may contract Giardia as well. Giardia is typically characterized by bloody stool and/or diarrhea. Giardia may be detected and treated by PetVet.
Giardia cannot be prevented. It is only treatable once diagnosed with a fecal test.

Pet owners may submit a fecal sample to any PetVet or VIP Petcare operated Community Veterinary Clinic. Please ensure that the sample is no older than 12 hours, if at all possible, and make sure the sample tube is at least half full for an accurate result. The fecal test will screen your pet for roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, giardia, and coccidia. In addition, the national laboratory that we partner with will also report any other irregular findings in the test that you can then discuss with your family veterinarian.

All of the common bacterial or parasitic infections that will be discovered by the annual fecal test can be treated by PetVet. You will receive an automated phone call from a representative for any positive results, to discuss your pet’s test results and treatment.

Coccidia

Coccidia is a parasitic type of infection seen in both dogs and cats. Infection often occurs from contact with infected feces, and is most common amongst puppies and kittens. The most common symptom is watery diarrhea, often leading to bloody diarrhea. Auxiliary symptoms such as weight loss, dehydration, and weakness may occur as well.

Coccidia may be detected and treated by PetVet.

Coccidia cannot be prevented. It is only treatable once diagnosed with a fecal test.

Pet owners may submit a fecal sample to any PetVet or VIP Petcare operated Community Veterinary Clinic. Please ensure that the sample is no older than 12 hours, if at all possible, and make sure the sample tube is at least half full for an accurate result. The fecal test will screen your pet for roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, giardia, and coccidia. In addition, the national laboratory that we partner with will also report any other irregular findings in the test that you can then discuss with your family veterinarian.

All of the common bacterial or parasitic infections that will be discovered by the annual fecal test can be treated by PetVet. A representative will discuss your pet’s test results and treatment with you directly.